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Singular & Plural Nouns
Table of Contents

Intro

Singular/ Plural Nouns
   

Quick Review

Irregular Nouns

 



Single & Plural Nouns PDF File Worksheets (includes flashcards)

 


 

Grammar — Singular & Plural Nouns

 

Why Grammar?  Christian Worldview  Many of us that attended government school either never understood the importance of grammar or did not care.  Some only performed the grammar exercises since it was required and/or we did not want to get "in trouble."  This is so sad because grammar is not just about the mechanics of language, but has a Christian worldview behind it.  Grammar, as in all things in creation, points us to our Lord.  

 

 

Single & Plural Nouns PDF File Worksheets (includes flashcards)

 

Singular Noun Definition:  When a noun means one only, it is said to be singular.  
Examples:  boy, girl, book, church, box

Plural Noun Definition:  When a noun means more than one, it is said to be plural.  
Examples:  boys, girls, books, churches

Rule #1
The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding - s to a singular noun.

 lamp  lamps
 cat  cats
 fork  forks
 flower  flowers
 pen  pens

Exercise:  Write the plural of each of these nouns

 chair  star  farm
 storm  door  rock
 owner  paper  cup

Rule #2
Nouns ending in
s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding - es.

 moss  mosses
 buzz  buzzes
 box  boxes
 dish   dishes
 church  churches

Exercise:  Write the plural of each of these nouns

 dress  brush  hex
 wish  class  fox
 cross  bench  bush
 ax  grass  mantis

 

Special Note:
If you add - s to such nouns as fox, bush, and bench, you will find that you cannot pronounce them without making an additional syllable.  This is why such nouns form the plural by adding - es.

 

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Quick Review

 

Exercise:  Tell if the following nouns are singular or plural

 box  cats  slipper  forks  books
 chair  desk  houses  paper  wagon
 lamps  shoes  garden  horses  dress
 dog  carts  kitchen  pony  glass

 

Exercise:  Write the plural of the following nouns

 chair  star  pencil  girl  boy
 ax  bush  coat  tree  bench
 sketch  owner  touch  latch  mug

 

Exercise:  Write the singular of the following nouns

 bells  churches  wagons  coals  pictures
 clocks  boxes  kitchens  basins  chairs
 days  houses  pencils  trees  tables

 

Rule #3
Nouns ending in - y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by changing - y to
- ies.  
Examples:  lady, ladies; city, cities; army, armies

Exercise:  Write the plural of the following words

 fly  baby  pony  injury  cherry
 lady  beauty  story  history  berry
 city  sky  duty  study  theory

 

Rule #4
Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding
- s.  
Example:  boy, boys; day, days

Exercise:  Write the plural of the following words

 day  toy  essay  turkey  chimney
 play  joy  valley  alley  volley

 

Rule #5
Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by adding es.  Example:  hero; heroes; grotto, grottoes

Exercise:  Write the plural of the following words

 motto  calico  buffalo  hero
 potato  cargo  volcano  grotto
 mosquito*  tomato  halo*  tornado*
 buffalo*   portico*  veto  

 

*may add - s or - es

 

The following are among those that add s only

 canto  solo  piano  lasso
 halo  memento  albino  sirocco

 

Special Note:
Most nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed into a plural by adding
- s.
Example:  folio, folios; cameo; cameos; studio, studios; portfolio, portfolios

 

Rule #6
Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing f or fe to
- ves.  
Example:  beef, beeves; wife, wives

Exercise:  Write the plural of the following words

 calf  self  leaf  sheaf  life
 loaf  shelf  half  wolf  knife
 elf   half  thief  wife  gulf
 chief  dwarf*  proof  turf

 

The following form their plurals by adding - s.

 chief, chiefs   fife, fifes  mischief, mischiefs  hoof, hoofs
 roof, roofs  grief, griefs  kerchief, kerchiefs  safe, safes

 

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IRREGULAR PLURALS

 man, men  foot, feet  mouse, mice
 woman, women  tooth, teeth  louse, lice
 child, children  ox, oxen  goose, geese

 

The following nouns have no singular:


 scissors

 oats

 tongs

 dregs
 trousers  pinchers  bellows  snuffers
 cattle  shears  measles  mumps
 victuals  tweezers  vespers  

 

Some nouns are always singular.  Some of these nouns may be used in the  plural when different kinds are meant as sugars, coffees, cottons
 gold  silver  wheat  corn
 molasses  copper  sugar  cotton

 

Singular nouns use this and that.

Plural nouns use these and those.

 

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